The Ayodhya dispute or the Babri Masjid Demolition Case is a political, historical and socio-religious debate in India, centred on a plot of land in the city of Ayodhya, located in Faizabad district, Uttar Pradesh. The main issues revolve around access to a site traditionally regarded among Hindus to be the birthplace of the Hindu deity Shri Ram, the history and location of the Babri Mosque at the site, and whether a previous Hindu temple was demolished or modified to create the mosque.
There are certain points we need to know before reaching any conclusion. The very first point is to know what information Hindu religious scriptures give us about Ram Janmbhoomi (birthplace).
Let’s find out,
sahasradhārāmārabhya yojanaṃ pūrvato diśi ।।
pratīci diśi tathaiva yojanaṃ samatovadhiḥ ।। 64 ।।
dakṣiṇottarabhāge tu sarayūtamasāvadhiḥ ।।
etatkṣetrasya saṃsthānaṃ harerantargṛhaṃ sthitam ।।
matsyākṛtiriyaṃ vipra purī viṣṇorudīritā ।। 65 ।।
‘Ayodhya is situated till one yojana to the East of Sahasradharateerth, till one yojana to the West of Samateerth, till one yojana to the South of river Saryu’s banks and till one yojana to the North of Tamasa river. This is the inner abode of Lord Vishnu. This city has been told to have a shape of a fish.’
[64,65 ayodhyāmāhātmya, vaiṣṇavakhaṇḍa, skandapurāṇa]
gateṣu pṛthivīśeṣu rājā daśarathastadā।
praviveśa purīṃ śrīmān puraskṛtya dvijottamān।।1.18.5।।
‘After the departure of the rulers, the exalted king Dasaratha preceded by the foremost of brahmins entered the city (of Ayodhya)’.
tato yajñe samāpte tu ṛtūnāṃ ṣaṭsamatyayu, tataśca dvādaśe māse caitre nāvamike tithau
nakṣatre’ditidaivatye svoccasaṃstheṣu pañcasu।graheṣu karkaṭe lagne vākpatāvindunā saha।।1.18.9।।prodyamāne jagannāthaṃ sarvalokanamaskṛtam।
‘Six seasons (one year) passed after the completion of the sacrifice. In the twelfth month of Chaitra on the ninth day (of the bright fortnight), with Aditi as presiding deity when the star Punarvasu was in the ascendent and the five planets Sun, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter and Venus, were exalted in their own house in karkata lagna, when Brihaspati was in conjunction with the Moon, Kausalya gave birth to a son: a facet of Vishnu, Lord of the entire universe who received obeisance from all the worlds and was adorned with all auspicious signs, the venerable one to perpetuate the Ikshvaku race.’
[sarga 18, bālakāṇḍa, vālmīki rāmāyaṇa]
Thus, Hindu religious scriptures (traditional sources) have accurately described the geographic position of Ayodhya as well as the birth of Shri Ram in the holy city.
Now Let’s find out facts about presence of Ram Temple:
In the tenth chapter of Report of Archeological Survey of India (ASI) , North-West and Awadh (1889), page 67 mentions that Babri mosque “was built in AD 1528 by Mir Khan or Mir Baaki on the very spot where the old temple of Janmsthan of Shri Ramchandra was standing.”
GPRS excavations done under Allahabad High Court monitoring and verification in 2002-03 established that a large temple of Vishnu Hari, who according to Hindu beliefs had killed demon king Dashanan, used to exist below the structure that came to be known as Babri mosque.
Ain-i-Akbari [III:334, 316-17] records Ayodhya as the birthplace of Shri Ram.
Mughal authorities issued a Sanad in July, 1723 and the writer of the Sanad stated in Persian that he was writing it from ‘maulud i.e. birthplace of Rama.’
In the first petition made to the British government by the mutawalli of Babri Masjid on 30thNovember, 1858, the disputed structure was referred as Masjid-e-Janmasthan. On 21st January 1870, the structure was referred as Masjid Baburi Waqia Janmsthan.
Maulana Hakim Sayyid Abd al-Hayy in his work titled Jannah al-Mashriq wa Matla’an Nur al-Mashriq recorded mosque being built by Mughal invader on the site where Shri Ram was born and a magnificent temple once stood here.
British official records have unanimously declared that the Babri structure occupied the Janmbhoomi land.
Here are some excerpts from the book ‘Doha Shatak’ of Gosvami Tulsidas. It has been referred to by Jagadguru Rambhadracharya in Allahabad High Court and is recorded on page 783 of the verdict.
maṃtra upaniṣada brāhmanahum̐ bahu purāna itihāsa ।
javana jarāye roṣa bhari kari tulasī parihāsa ॥ 85 ॥
Goswami Tulsidas Ji says that infuriated Yavans (barbarians /Mohammedans) burnt many texts/scriptures containing incantations, Upanishads, treatises like Brahmans (part of Veda-s), Puranas, Itihas (Valmiki Ramayana, Mahabharat) after ridiculing them.
sikhā sūtra te hīna kari bala te hindū loga ।
bhamari bhagāye deśa te tulasī kaṭhina kujoga ॥ 86 ॥
Goswami Tulsidas Ji says that in hard and inappropriate times, forcible attempts are being made by Muslims to expel the followers of Hinduism from their own native place (country), forcibly divesting them of their Shikha (lock of hair on the crown of head) and ‘Yagyopaveet’ (sacrificial thread).
bābara barbara āike kara līnhe karavāla ।
hane pacāri pacāri jana tulasī kāla karāla ॥ 87 ॥
Describing the barbaric attack of Babur, Goswami Tulsidas says that he indulged in gruesome genocide of the natives of that place (followers of Hinduism) using sword after repeatedly calling out to them.
saṃvata sara vasu bāna nabha grīṣma ṛtu anumāni ।
tulasī avadhahiṃ jaḏ javana anaratha kiya anakhāni ॥ 88 ॥
Tulsi Das Ji says that countless atrocities were committed by foolish ‘Yavans'(Mohammedans) in Awadh (Ayodhya) in and around the summer of Samvat 1585, that is, 1528 AD (Samvat 1585- 57=1528 AD).
rāma janama mahiṃ maṃdirahiṃ tori masīta banāya ।
javahiṃ bahuta hinduna hate tulasī kīnhī hāya ॥ 89 ॥
Describing the attack made by Yavans on Shri Ramjanambhumi temple, Goswami Tulsidas says that after a number of Hindus were mercilessly killed, Shri Ram Janmbhumi temple was broken and converted to a mosque. Looking at the ruthless killing of Hindus, Goswami Tulsidas says that his heart felt aggrieved, that is, it began to weep, and on account of the incident it continues to writhe in pain.
dalyo mīrabākī avadha mandira rāmasamāja ।
tulasī rovata hṛdaya hati trāhi trāhi raghurāja ॥ 90 ॥
Mir Baaki destroyed the temple in Ayodhya along with the idols of Ram, Sita, Bharata, Lakshmana, Shatrughna and Hanuman. Goswami Tulsidas says that he cries, beating his chest, “O the best amongst scions of Raghu dynasty! Save us!”
rāma janama maṃdira jahām̐ lasata avadha ke bīca ।
tulasī racī masīta taham̐ mīrabām̐ki khala nīca ॥ 91 ॥
Goswami Tulsidas says that the mosque was constructed by the wicked Mir Baaki after demolishing Shri Ram Janmbhoomi temple, situated in the middle of Ayodhya.
rāmāyana ghari ghanṭa jaham̐ śruti purāna upakhāna ।
tulasī javana ajāna taham̐ kiyo kurāna ajāna ॥ 92 ॥
Tulsi Das Ji says that the Quran as well as Azaan call is heard from the holy place of Shri Ram Janam Bhumi, which once reverberated with discourses from Shrutis, Vedas, Puranas, Upnishads etc. and the sweet sound of temple bells.
Series of events
In 1528: the Mosque was built by demolishing Ram Temple.
In 1885: British India government said that it is unfortunate that a mosque was constructed by demolishing Hindu temple of Lord Ram.
In 1961: Sunni Wakf Board made a legal claim on the land. As per Shia Wakf, Babur came to Ayodhya for seven days and in such a short time, it was not possible for him to destroy Shri Ram temple, construct a mosque. That is why the case should be fought by Shia Wakf Board and not Sunni. Mir Baaki was a Shia Muslim.
6 December 1992: Babri Masjid was demolished by Hindus.
I won’t be going in too much details of Allahabad High court verdict or what points does Subramaniam Swamy made.
What we the common people need to understand is, what is more important Temple or Mosque?
A mosque is not an essential part of the practice of the religion of Islam and namaz can be offered anywhere, even in the open. Accordingly, its acquisition is not prohibited by the provisions in the Constitution of India.”
Hindu temples, on the contrary, are constructed according to the Agama literature and after the consecration of Shri Vigrah, Bhagwan (deity) becomes the owner of the temple. Purely on the basis of the concept of incomparable sacredness.
Thus, a Hindu Temple has a superior claim on Ram Janmbhoomi than any mosque.
Birthplace of Shri Ram unchangeable while a mosque can be built anywhere else.
Babur was not the ancestor of present Indian Muslims, so by no logic Shia or Sunni Waqf board have any right on Janmbhoomi.
We Indians should unite and stand with Truth and Peace. Truth is Ram, Peace is Mandir.
Jai Shri Ram !!!